To psychologists, motivation refers to ________

a.a state of tension resulting from the deprivation of physical needs, such as those for food and water.
b.a process in which an individual sets goals in order to increase his or her competence and skills. inferred process within a person or animal that causes that organism to move toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation.
d.movement through a hierarchy of needs, beginning with survival needs for sleep, food, and water and reaching needs for self-actualization.

Answer: c